Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist

March 15, 2018

The multipolar spin: how fascists operationalize left-wing resentment

Filed under: Red-Brown alliance,Syria — louisproyect @ 10:53 pm

​During his recent tour of Europe, disgraced former Trump strategist Steve Bannon declared “Italy is in the lead.”

Amid the historic resurgence of the Italian far right that returned right-wing populist Silvio Berlusconi to prominence, Bannon fantasized about “the ultimate dream” of unifying the anti-establishment Five Star Movement with the far-right League (formerly the Northern League) through a populist movement. Bannon’s international vision of nationalist populist movements is locked into the Kremlin’s geopolitical ideology of a “multipolar world.”

The League is tied through a cooperation pact to Putin’s Russia, and its deputy in charge of relations with foreign parties, Claudio D’Amico, explicitly called for a “multipolar world” in Katehon, a think tank created by fascist ideologue Aleksandr Dugin. Following the ideological line Dugin put forward in his text, Foundations of Geopolitics, Katehon calls for uniting a “Eurasian” bloc in constant struggle against “Atlanticist” countries. For Dugin, the “21st century gamble” is to create a “multipolar” confederation of “Traditionalist” regional empires united under Russian sovereignty that will overthrow the “unipolar” empire of “postmodern” democracies.

Shortly after Putin’s election in 2000, the Kremlin released a set of foreign policy guidelines calling for a “multipolar world order” against the “strengthening tendency towards the formation of a unipolar world under financial and military domination by the United States.” Escalating with the Ukrainian Orange Revolution in 2004, the Kremlin’s production of soft-power networks throughout Europe and the United States involves- think tanksloansforumspropaganda outlets and cooperation agreements with far-right parties like the Austrian Freedom Party and the League. From Russia to Iran to Western Europe and the U.S., this international movement uses conspiracy theories and “gray material” to warp the political spectrum into a populist referendum along “geopolitical” terms set by fascist engagées.

Red and brown polarities

As a recent major report on syncretic networks exposed, the modern fascist movement’s obsession with geopolitics emerged in force amid the post-Cold War antiglobalization movement. In 2002, a front group formed out of the U.S.-based Workers’ World Party known as the International Action Center joined forces with the Assisi-based “Campo Antimperialista.” As Duginists infiltrated the Campo, opening a journal called Eurasia that garnered the influential involvement of Campo participant Costanza Preve, the International Action Center continued their cooperation.

Soon, a similar Russian group called the Anti-Globalist Resistance began to repost the Campo’s dispatches. Sharing support for Milosevic with the Campo and the International Action Center, the Anti-Globalist Resistance emerged simultaneously with the same tendency to fight globalization by linking far-right to hard-left. In 2008, they brought the Campo to Moscow for the third “All-Russia Anti-Globalist Forum,” introduced by long-time U.S. fascist Lyndon LaRouche. The next year’s conference included Duginist leaders like Leonid Savin and retired General Leonid Ivashov, along with LaRouche and Holocaust denier Israel Shamir.

As their work continued, the Campo and Anti-Globalist Resistance drew more anti-globalization activists into their syncretic orbit. In 2012, a group came together at a Campo Antimperialista event in Assisi and developed what would become the Syria Solidarity Movement. The movement’s steering committee came to include top figures from groups from the U.S. hard left, including the Workers World Party, its affiliate, ANSWER and a spinoff of the latter group called the Party of Socialism and Liberation.

After changing their name to the Anti-Globalization Movement of Russia, the group drew people from the Syria Solidarity Movement’s network to a conference called the “Right of Peoples to Self-Determination and Building a Multipolar World” in 2014. A delegate from the International Action Center attended, along with delegates from another Workers World Party front group called United Anti-War Coalition, including an editor with the Black Agenda Reportnamed Margaret Kimberly. Among the conference’s other attendees were Michael Hill of the neo-Confederate League of the South and the Texas Nationalist Movement, as well as the far-right Republika of Srpska and National Bolshevik Italian Communitarian Party.

The following year, the Anti-Globalization Movement of Russia met with a purported Cherokee Nation elder named “Mashu White Feather” and a representative of the Uhuru Movement, also connected to the Black Agenda Report. They then organized a state-funded conference that drew members of the fascist Italian group Millenium, Mutti’s associate Antonio Grego, and a leading member of the far-right Rodina party, as well as representatives of separatist groups like the Texas Nationalist Movement and the Catalan Solidarity for Independence party. The now-notorious troll factory, the Internet Research Agency, would later invite the Texas Nationalist Movement to join an armed, Islamophobic protest launched by the fake “Heart of Texas,” while also inciting counter-protestors.


This network map shows the flow of movement building from parties to front groups to participation in and creation of syncretic coalitions.

The Syria connection

The Syria Solidarity Movement lists on its steering committee a host of syncretic figures like DuginistNavid Nasr and an Australian representative of the fascist-modeled Syrian Social Nationalist Party affiliateMussalaha. Before a report revealed her associations with Global ResearchRon Paul and the right-wing British Constitution Party, conspiracy theorist Vanessa Beeley held a position on the steering committee as well.

As an editor at the alt-right-associated conspiracy theory site, 21stCenturyWire, Beeley’s repeated conspiracy articles attempting to link the White Helmets to al Qaeda and George Soros earned her a visit with Assad in Damascus and senior Russian officials in Moscow; however, they have been thoroughly debunked. A defender of right-wing Hungarian president Viktor Orban, Beeley promotesantisemites like Gilad Atzmon and Dieudonné, even speaking at a conference hosted by the latter in partnership with notorious Holocaust denier Laurent Louis. Regardless, the Syrian Solidarity Movement and the associated Hands Off Syria Coalition recommend Beeley’s work.

Along with members of the Syria Solidarity Movement, delegates who attended the Anti-Globalization Movement of Russia’s “Multipolar World” conference sit on the Hands off Syria Coalition’s steering committee. Showing its commitments and affinities, in January 2016, the Hands Off Syria Coalition published a “Multipolar World Against War” statement signed by the leader of the Anti-Globalization Movement of Russia, Alexander Ionov.

Similarly, the Hands Off Syria Coalition website publicizes self-described Marxist, Tim Anderson, who has an interesting record of attending far-right conferences. In 2015, Anderson attended the far-right Brandherd Syrien Congress, and the next year he was at Defend Our Heritage’s Leura Forum, chaired by a leader of far-right party Alternative for Germany. Following that, Anderson’s pet project, Center of Counter Hegemonic Studies, convened a conference that brought in Paul Antonopoulos, an editor for the Duginist website Fort Russ.

The Hands Off Syria Coalition advertises Anderson’s book, The Dirty War on Syria, which is published by syncretic conspiracist site Global Research. Multiple “Research Associates” of Global Research sit on the “scientific committee” of the Campo-linked Duginist journal Geopolitica, and the site lists as its “partner media group” the Voltaire Network. Publishing LaRouchite and Duginist articles, the Voltaire Network boasts the Syrian Social Nationalist Party’s Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs as its Vice President. One of the Voltaire Network’s leading contributors is Mikhail Leontyev, an associate of Dugin who has moved from prominent media personality to the role of spokesman for Russian state oil company, Rosneft. The Syria Solidarity Movement publishes Voltaire Network articles by founder Thierry Meyssan, a contributor to Campo-linked journal Eurasia who associates with Holocaust deniers and open fascists, among others.

Hands Off Syria Coalition steering committee member Issa Chaer joined Meyssan on a panel at the Second New Horizons conference in Iran in 2012. Conference speakers that year included World Workers Party member Caleb Maupin, Alt Right journalist Tim Pool, Holocaust denier Kevin Barrett, and Duginists like Voltaire Network associate Mateusz Piskorski, German editor Manuel Ochsenreiter, Leonid Savin, and Claudio Mutti the leading fascist infiltrator of the Campo Antimperialista. The banner image for last year’s New Horizon features Aleksandr Dugin.

Multipolar propaganda

According to the metrics search engine BuzzSumo, most of the leading articles with the terms “multipolar world” and “multi-polar world” in the title come from an interconnected network of sites, including Global Research, The Duran and Sign of the Times. With an estimated six million unique daily views per month, the biggest and most influential in this network is the Russian state-run media site Sputnik News.

Billing itself as pointing “the way to a multipolar world that respects every country’s national interests, culture, history and traditions,” Sputnik frequently publishes PiskorskiOchsenreiter, Mutti’s fellow Campo infiltrator Tiberio Graziani, commentator Andrew Korybkoand Fort Russ editor Joaquin Flores. Furthermore, Sputnik has joined RT in consistently using dubious sources affiliated with theSyria Solidarity Network to attack the White Helmets and throw doubt on the Assad regime’s war crimes, for instance its use of chemical weapons.

A syncretic hub on Sputnik, anti-imperialist John Wight’s podcast, “Hard Facts,” promotes the same figures associated with the pro-Assad network in the West, including Beeley, Anderson, and Nasr. Perhaps most interestingly, Wight also hosted trans-national far-right figure, Edward Lozansky during the 2016 election and again early the next year.

With more than 30 years of involvement in the U.S. and Russian far right, Lozansky is perhaps most known as the creator of the American University in Moscow. Boasting a number of Fellows involved in pro-Kremlin media outlets like The Duran, RT and Russia Insider, the American University in Moscow appears to be an ideological center in the concerted social media campaign associated with the Internet Research Agency to boost anti-Clinton, pro-Kremlin propaganda in the U.S. Lozansky also hosts conferences with known fascist ideologues and an annual “Russia Forum” featuring far-right politicians and left-wing media operators from Russia and the U.S.

During both of his pro-Putin, pro-Trump interviews with Lozansky on “Hard Facts,” Wight advocated “a multipolar alternative to the unipolar world,” insisting, “we’re talking about a struggle for a multipolar world to replace the unipolarity that has wreaked so much havoc since the demise of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.”

The most important anti-imperialist hub on Sputnik, however, is hosted by Brian Becker, whose fellow party member and brother sits on the steering committee for the Syria Solidarity Movement. The leader of the Party for Socialism and Liberation, Becker regularly hosts Fellows of the American University in Moscow on his Sputnik podcast, “Loud & Clear.”

“Loud & Clear”‘s Lozansky-affiliated guests include far-right PR man Jim Jatras, Mark Sleboda of the Dugin-founded Center for Conservative Studies, the Ron Paul Institute’s Daniel McAdams and Alexander Mercouris of the syncretic conspiracist site, The Duran. The program also provides a platform to a variety of explicitly far-right guests, including Oath Keepers founder Stewart Rhodes, antisemite Alberto Garcia Watson, alt-right figure Cassandra Fairbanks and militia movement leader Larry Pratt.

Aside from marginal guests, Loud & Clear can bring on some heavy hitters. During his two appearances on “Loud & Clear” in late 2017, bestselling author Max Blumenthal called the red-brown radio show “the finest public affairs programming” and declared, “I am increasingly turning to RT America for sanity.” No stranger to Sputnik, Blumenthal also went on “Hard Facts” that August, claiming that notorious ISIS militant Mohammed Emwazi was ushered into the Syria conflict by the CIA via a “rat line” from Saudi Arabia.


This Venn diagram suggests that certain syncretic groups exist as containers for the intersection of right and left wing groups, ideologies.

Highway to the Grayzone

Around the same time he went on “Loud & Clear,” Blumenthal appeared on Tucker Carlson‘s FOX News show to defend RT — his second time on the far-right show that year. Blumenthal’s RT appearances have been praised by white nationalists like Frazier Glenn Miller, Jr., who murdered three people outside of a Jewish Community Center in 2014, so his courting of the right on FOX drew considerable backlash.

Two months later, Blumenthal offered up a staunch defense of “Russia’s position in the world” to author Robert Wright in an interview on bloggingheads. Admitting that Putin’s Russia remains far from left-wing, Blumenthal justified support for the country’s authoritarian conservative government as “part of the multipolar world.”

“If you believe in a multipolar world,” Blumenthal told Wright, “you believe in détente, you believe in diplomacy.” He specifically mentioned Becker’s Party for Socialism and Liberation and groups like it, arguing that they “tend to get all the major issues right regardless of their ideology or agenda.”

Blumenthal was not as clear of a spokesperson for Kremlin geopolitics before he appeared at the same RT gala as disgraced former National Security advisor Michael Flynn and the Green Party’s Jill Stein in December 2015. During that occasion, he joined a panel called “Infowar: Will there be a winner” alongside Alt Right anti-Semite Charles Bausman of Russia Insider. A month later, Blumenthal’s pro-Kremlin position crystalized with the founding of the Grayzone Project.

Grayzone is a collaborative project also featuring journalist Benjamin Norton, who cosigned the Hands Off Syria Coalition’s points of unity statement along with Beeley and others. After going on “Loud & Clear” with Duginist Mark Sleboda and Infowars regularRay McGovern, Norton plugged the Party for Socialism and Liberation on a podcast episode titled “Hands off Syria.” With other Grayzone contributors, Norton has been criticized for downplaying war crimesand helping publicize false theories about rebels contaminatingDamascus’s water supply.

When reached for comment by email, Norton retorted, “I know your goal is to outlandishly smear anyone who opposes US imperialism and is to the left of the Clintons as a ‘crypto-fascist,’ while NATO supports actual fascists whom you care little about.”

Grayzone is perhaps best known for Blumenthal’s controversial two-part article attacking the White Helmets, which brought accusations of plagiarism from Beeley. Grayzone contributor Rania Khalek had, Beeley insisted, “pumped me for information on the [White Helmets] and then Max wrote the article.”

While Blumenthal may have repeated some of Beeley’s theories, Beeley cannot be seen as a credible source. Regardless, Khalek has since used a questionable interview sourced from Beeley as evidence that the White Helmets “were deeply embedded in al Qaeda.”

Grayzone recently announced their move from independent news site AlterNet to The Real News Network, a left-wing site with a penchant for 9/11 truther inquiries. Neither Blumenthal nor Khalek responded to efforts to reach them for comment.

Right uses left

Through its amplification of an interlinked, multi-centered network organized around institutions like Lozansky’s American University in Moscow and the Voltaire Network and conferences like Moscow’s “Multi-Polar World” and Tehran’s “New Horizons,” syncretic networks associated with Dugin’s Eurasianist ideology have combined distortions and ambiguities into a geopolitical narrative meant to confuse audiences and promote authoritarian populist opposition to liberalism.

The “gray measures” used to deny the Kremlin’s influence operations may seem dubious when delivered through channels like Sputnik that are, themselves, political technologies of far-right political influence. When cycled through “narrative laundering” of secondary and tertiary networks enhanced by trolls and coordinated influence operations, however, propaganda is “graywashed” of its dubious sources and presented as cutting-edge journalism.

As shown with Figure 3, think tanks like Katehon and connected Russian Institute for Strategic Studies develop strategies for media spin and online promotion through influence groups and botnets. These think tanks engage in feedback loops with Russian state media channels and linked syncretic news sites, amplified through social media with the help of botnets, and eventually reaching more legitimate sources often freed of their dubious sourcing. The results are explored by a recent study from Data and Society called Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online: “Online communities are increasingly turning to conspiracy-driven news sources, whose sensationalist claims are then covered by the mainstream media, which exposes more of the public to these ideas, and so on.”


A conceptual model made in Vensim intended to present the workings of “Graywashing.”

The problem with multipolarism, aside from assuming polarity as a useful prescription, may be that it supports not the emergence of Russia as a world power but the rise of the Kremlin’s authoritarian conservative political ideology. In this, multipolarists tend to support other authoritarian regimes and movements from Iran to Syria to Italy. Although anti-imperialists may believe that these measures land them on the right side of history, taking stock of the fascist movement suggests that the strategy of opposing a liberal order through red-brown populist collaboration makes the left a willing accomplice.

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16 Comments »

  1. Based on this article, I fail to see what would be the basis for a libel lawsuit. All that is mentioned about Blumenthal is factual, such as what conferences he appeared at, or what articles he wrote for whatever publication, etc.

    Why did the Southern Poverty Law Center remove the piece? I don’t understand.

    Comment by Reza — March 16, 2018 @ 12:41 am

  2. Good one, Louis.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 12:04 pm

  3. If someone initiates a lawsuit against you, you have to defend the lawsuit. This is incredibly expensive and the outcome–especially in a libel case–is uncertain, more especially where the defendants can be positioned as a gang of head-chopping terrorists, which may be the subtext here. It’s a form of bullying usually reserved for the rich and their minions–exceedingly unfair and of course completely undemocratic in a purely political context. The wealthy William B. Fuckley sued the wealthy Gore Vidal to shut him up and the case was settled out of court at minimal cost to both sides–but at least Vidal actually had called Buckley a Nazi or as good as, which doesn’t seem to be the case here.

    A bunch of lawyers confronted by a bunch of intransigent assholes with deep pockets might well consider the cost too high to be worth the candle, especially if they’ve got a poverty law center to run. I admire Louis’ courage in doing this–I wouldn’t have gone farther myself than to post a link to the google cached copy of this piece.

    However, not being a lawyer, I have to agree with Reza–I can’t see where in this piece B. is actually accused of being a Nazi or anything close. I don’t know what a lawyer would say or what the legal precedents actually are.

    I love the way Moran throws the word “McCarthyite” around. Four fingers pointing back and all that. Whether Blumenthal and Moran like it or not, they are operating squarely in the Buckley tradition against opponents without the wealth to fight the bullying, which puts them a good deal closer to mcCarthyism IMHO than the authors of this piece (unless I’ve missed something in reading this very dense and intricate piece of argumentation). Shades of Gerry Healey, the father of meretricious lawsuits? I couldn’t say.

    And i repeat–what kind of political writer in a very questionable case resorts to the law before defending herself in print? Not a very competent writer if you ask me.

    Sidney Blumenthal–a much better writer than Max, BTW–sued Matt Drudge for libel while working for the Clinton Admin. My impression however is that Sidney had a much better case against Drudge than Max has here. But I think there had been a lengthy war of words before that. And like the Buckley Vidal case, AFAIK, that never went to trial.

    Nevertheless, like father like son. if you can’t beat ’em, sue ’em.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 12:47 pm

  4. Speaking of deep pockets, one is led to wonder exactly whose deep pockets are involved here, if any. Those of the regal-dynastic, Roman-numeraled Moran family, Blumenthal’s, or someone else’s? Speculation would be fruitless as there is no way of knowing–but someone must have had a supply of the readies to make a convincing threat of legal action.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 3:11 pm

  5. One sub-heading in the article is, “Right uses the left”. Maybe that’s exactly what’s going on here? Maybe the neo-Nazi’s have been looking for a way to shut down SPLC for a long time, and now they’re using a thin-skinned privileged white boy as their ramming rod?

    In the legal note that was sent to the Center (demanding the removal of the article), the communications that are requested to be preserved seem to go very far afield. Are they also trying to get a complete list of names of contributors, writers, researchers, etc., as a bonus point in the lawsuit?

    Comment by Reza — March 16, 2018 @ 3:55 pm

  6. Reza–If you wanted the final answer, you would have to follow the money–a practical impossibility IMHO for mere bloggers and their friends. I somehow doubt that the likes of Robert Mueller would be interested in what he would see as a legal pissing contest between unpatriotic radicals and other marginal types.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 4:39 pm

  7. Also I think it’s customary for lawyers in lawsuits to make all sorts of demands and be told by opposing lawyers to stuff it. Some of that intimidating language may be bluff which the PLC guys (some of whom may not have really wanted to publish the article in the first place) are choosing not to call for a variety of unguessable reasons.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 4:46 pm

  8. Another point is that if the right were using the left here, it would have to be the actual Russian Duginite right (yes/no?)

    For that, as I suspect is certainly true of (for example) much that appears on RT, no overarching conspiracy would be necessary, as the world is full of suckers who think they are players and in fact are being played. RT is brilliant at letting idiots play themselves (Jones). They don’t try to control every syllable–the propaganda aim doesn’t require this.

    This despite the fact that both soviet and putin-era Russian apparatus types invariably overestimate their own intelligence and subtlety vis a vis foreigners, and so no doubt do from time to time prance around naked without knowing it.

    Anyway, as I’ve said, Satan has no need to go fishing for the souls that give themselves to him freely–only the ones he really wants that are hard to get.

    I don’t really get the Venn diagrams and the Arthur Murray dance steps–it reminds me of Russian Formalist literary criticism and may be a bit overdone–but I would think the point of using set theory etc. here would be to show overlap and coincidence without invoking conspiracy or commenting on inscrutable or incoherent intentions. This is why the accusation of libel seems so odd to me as opposed to Buckley saying “faggot” and Vidal saying “nazi,” which is pretty basic.

    But what do I know?

    I’ve posted way too much here and had better shut up.

    Comment by Farans Kalosar — March 16, 2018 @ 5:15 pm

  9. “As an editor at the alt-right-associated conspiracy theory site, 21stCenturyWire…”

    The article linked to from this text has also been removed from the SPLC site “pending further review”. By any chance, does anyone know if this is available elsewhere?

    Comment by puddlelump — March 16, 2018 @ 7:20 pm

  10. ONLY tangentially related, but still …

    Everybody is talking about My Lai massacre’s 50th anniversary. As a sign of the upside down world we live in today, Seymour Hersh, who broke the news of the massacre of up to 500 villagers in Vietnam, now has nothing to say about the numerous massacres of tens of thousands (in each round of offensive) by the Russians, Iranians and Syrians. Just in two weeks from Feb 18 to March 4, over 1000 people have been killed in East Ghouta (see, https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/article/syria-siege-east-ghouta-leaves-medical-care-complete-collapse?source=ADD180U0U00). Did we hear from Sy Hersh?

    And in fact these people provides cover for Assad’s use of chemical weapons on civilian populations (in one episode killing 1400 people).

    Massacres only exist if they’re done by ‘your own’ government. Other governments can massacre all they please.

    If other governments use chemical weapons on ‘their own’ people, it is the duty of left-leaning journalists and commentators to provide cover for their atrocities, especially if at any point the U.S. government has said ‘Boo!’ to those governments. And any prior agreements between ‘your own’ government and the chemical wielding gov. regarding ‘renditions’ and ‘torture’, or any other unsavory stuff, must be swiftly swept under the rug and kept out of sight. ‘White man’s burden’ of our new age.

    Comment by Reza — March 16, 2018 @ 11:52 pm

  11. Oh, and if anybody says (truthfully) that you’re a right wing asshole due to your support for a fascistic mass-murderer, sue them for libel!

    Comment by Reza — March 16, 2018 @ 11:55 pm

  12. This lawsuit, subsequent links, searches and more links, landed me this monstrocity,,,,

    https://ravingsofaradicalvagabond.noblogs.org/post/2018/01/15/an-investigation-into-red-brown-alliances/

    Comment by seaspan — March 17, 2018 @ 5:51 am

  13. […] The following article was originally published by the Southern Poverty Law Centre. Max Blumenthal, one of the figures discussed in it, apparently objected to the contents of the article, and rather than writing a reply pointing out where he thought the piece was inaccurate, chose to make legal threats leading to the whole article being taken down. Without wishing to necessarily endorse the writings of Alexander Reid Ross, and far less the SPLC, I think it’s important to oppose anyone trying to use legal threats to suppress criticism, and so it’s reproduced here in full. For more background on Blumenthal, see Did a Kremlin Pilgrimage cause Alternet blogger’s Damascene conversion?, List of Rebuttals to Max Blumenthal’s Anti-Syrian Article, and Notes towards a theory of Max Blumenthal. […]

    Pingback by Against the grayzone: the article Max Blumenthal doesn’t want you to read | Cautiously pessimistic — March 17, 2018 @ 3:42 pm

  14. Carole Cadwalladr, Guardian journalist, has been good on the shady links between Bannon-Trump-Assange-Farage- Cambridge Analytica -LeaveEU-Arron Banks- Wikileaks – RT – Putins Russia – etc etc – all anti liberal democrat order. Today , this story in The Guardian ;

    A whistleblower has revealed to the Observer how Cambridge Analytica – a company owned by the hedge fund billionaire Robert Mercer, and headed at the time by Trump’s key adviser Steve Bannon – used personal information taken without authorisation in early 2014 to build a system that could profile individual US voters, in order to target them with personalised political advertisements.

    Christopher Wylie, who worked with an academic at Cambridge University to obtain the data, told the Observer: “We exploited Facebook to harvest millions of people’s profiles. And built models to exploit what we knew about them and target their inner demons. That was the basis that the entire company was built on.”

    The Corbynite Left in Britain is pretty useless because it is obsessed with anti-Americanism, rather than with being principled Socialists.

    Comment by Matthew Jackson — March 17, 2018 @ 3:55 pm

  15. […] The multipolar spin: how fascists operationalize left-wing resentment. […]

    Pingback by The multipolar spin how fascists operationalize left wing resentment. – PARTNERship blog — March 17, 2018 @ 10:33 pm

  16. […] exclusivamente español o europeo. Vean la siguiente aproximación densa a la cuestión en “The multipolar spin: how fascists operationalize left-wing resentment”. Tanto compartir posturas en torno a Ucrania y Siria, que sus autores y medios empiezan a ser […]

    Pingback by Profundizando en la convergencia ideológica de la Nueva Guerra Fría – Guerras Posmodernas — March 22, 2018 @ 7:10 pm


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