Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist

December 22, 2016

Arash Azizi: After Trotskyism, what? Some personal thoughts

Filed under: sectarianism,Trotskyism — louisproyect @ 12:12 am

(Posted on Facebook originally)


“The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living.” — Karl Marx

A few months ago, I left the International Marxist Tendency, an organization of which I had been a member for more than seven years. Many friends and comrades wrote to ask me to outline the reasons for this decision. I write these lines primarily for them. As someone who had recruited many to the ranks of the IMT, I felt responsible to explain why I had left it and what path do I see ahead in the fight for socialism. I don’t claim to have found a magical formula or the answer to all my questions but hope that these humble lines will be of interest to some.

I should start by saying that the sad ultra-left turn that IMT has taken in the last few years surely did accelerate my decision. Abandoning of the fundamental orientation to the Labour Party in Britain (signaled by the change in the paper’s masthead) which happened to come only months before the historic election of Jeremy Corbyn; similar distancing from the traditional organizations of the working class in other countries; advocating abstention in the Brexit referendum; and the refusal to endorse Bernie Sanders’s campaign are just some examples. But it would be dishonest if I pretended that this turn was my ultimate reason and that all I long for is a pre-turn IMT or a similar Trotskyist organization. It is true that by reflection on my years of political activity, and by taking into account the developments of the last few years, I have come to the conclusion that orthodox “Trotskyism”, as we know it, is no longer the path forward for the working class and for the cause of a better world. We need new political strategies for the epoch we are in.

My Trotskyist Experience

When I joined the IMT in late 2008, few months after I had left my native Iran for Canada, this wasn’t out of a whim. For about five years I had been a member of WPI, an Iranian organization that could be described as belonging to the Left Communist and Council Communist tradition. I had joined it at the age of 15 for the simple reason that it was the only Marxist organization I knew that dared to organize under the authoritarian Islamist regime that reigns in Iran. As I had started a process of questioning the WPI, and as I needed a political home in Canada, I embarked on a study of international left from the times of Marx and Engels down to the currently existing international organizations and their branches in Canada. I chose IMT because it stood on unapologetic socialist politics (of much importance to me, it didn’t follow much of the international left by supporting the Tehran regime), because the Trotskyist Anti-Stalinism appealed to me, because its political strategy of working inside the NDP to win a majority for Marxist ideas in the country’s main working-class party seemed plausible and because it boasted many hard-working people who took their politics seriously.

I haven’t changed my mind on any of those reasons but it is only after a sustained period that you start finding holes and problems; you can try to fix some of those problems and tolerate others (since I never believed that membership in an organization should be tantamount to agreeing with every single thing about it) but you then recognize that some of the problems are in the DNA of the group. It has inherited them from a political tradition and, unless there is a commitment on part of a significant number of its leaders, they are not going to change.

What are these problems, where do they come from and how can we overcome them?

Basis of unity — the problem of sectarianism

Any political group has a criteria for its membership, a basis of unity that brings people together as they strive for a goal. Getting such a basis right is a difficult task and easier said than done, especially for a Marxist organization. How do you gather around the largest possible number of people possible while making sure that your group is not diluted in the goals it pursues? How can you ensure the maximum amount of discipline and seriousness in work while also letting people who can’t commit as much time or resources participate?

I have always believed that this basis of unity needs to be political and around the goals that we all strive for. If people share the fundamental socialist goal (a world free of classes where production is organized on the basis of need not profit) and basic strategies and stances of a political group in any given period, they should be encouraged to join.

As members of IMT would concede this isn’t the real basis of unity for this organization. To be a member of the IMT, you’d need to share in an article of faith that I’ll try to honestly summarize as such: “IMT [with a membership that is today probably around 2000 worldwide, at most] is the only genuine Marxist organization on the planet. It alone has the “correct ideas” [an astonishing term that even the Catholic Church doesn’t use with such certitude], which are encapsulated in the ideas of Marx, Lenin, Engels and Trotsky [maybe, a book or two by Rosa Luxembourg] and those continued by Ted Grant and the IMT. It alone can offer the workers the revolutionary leadership that is needed to win power and build socialism.”

If you believe in this Article One, it would follow that since the only organization that is capable of leading the workers to power is yours, and since it is currently minuscule, your strategy is simple: Build your own organization, around that very narrow basis of unity, even if it means recruiting only a handful of people every month. You are building a “cadre organization” which means you’ll only wants as members those who are ready to commit themselves to the article of faith in its entirety.

From such self-applause, bizarre conclusion will follow: In IMT, you’d often hear that if a revolutionary movement happens while IMT is still a small organization this is a bad thing since “we need time to prepare”. It also follows that work of no Marxist writer or theoretician after Trotsky’s death in 1940 is worth considering, except for the few fellows that have had the honor of working with the IMT. I remember asking a leading member of the Italian section if he could he recommend any good Italian Marxist writers? Surely, with such a strong communist party with millions of members and the allegiance of the majority of the country’s intelligentsia, there should be some bright names. The response was shocking: None. No one. He jokingly said: Marx, Engels, Lenin and Trotsky!

This is Sectarianism 101. Instead of defining your political identity and basis of unity around goals and ideals in which others can share, you define it in a way that is akin to a narrow religious organization. Every organization will have some traditions and some historical identity of which it is proud. Every organization should believe in its own unique ability to do grand tasks and great things (otherwise, why bother?) But it is all a matter of degree. Are you flexible enough to concede that not all the truth might rest with you? Will you keep yourself current by taking in the developments in the world around you? Are you ready to grow and change, while keeping true to your basic goals, by embracing the new membership that each generation brings? Are you able to keep yourself intact after you reach a certain number?

2) A history of failure

This last question is one that few Trotskyist groups have ever been forced to ask. Being scattered into small groups of usually no more than a few dozen individuals is the curse that has followed Trotskyism since the founding of the Fourth International in 1938. At its foundation, the FI didn’t have many more members than IMT does today and same is basically true for all of a dozen or so international Trotskyist organizations during their entire history, with minor exceptions.

Now, for much of this period, this smallness was due to a brutal policy of oppression. Trotsky and his followers were some of the most persecuted people on the planet in the post-war period. Imagine being active in a situation in which, in addition to the usual animosity of the state and the capital, you’d have to battle large socialist states and massive communist parties around the world who, at times, would even go to the length of physically exterminating you. This wasn’t only political competition!

But it is perhaps precisely because of this that Trotskyism ended up developing a strange martyrdom complex where you take solace in being ‘correct’ (as your founder was, after all, one of the most brilliant Marxists and revolutionaries to have ever lived) and don’t mind your small size much.

It is unlikely that Trotsky himself, who only saw two years of FI’s activity before being brutally murdered on the orders of Stalin, would have ever agreed that, in the long-term, such a perspective (of maintaining small organizations at any rate) makes sense.

When FI was founded in 1938, Trotsky believed that within a decade, it would come to encompass millions of workers and surpass both the second and third internationals. It was perhaps obvious falsification of such a perspective by history that confused the founding leaders of the FI and led into split after split in the organization, leaving it with the often-comical legacy of many grand sounding names and a few members.

Should FI have ever been founded as a separate organization or should Trotsky’s supporters have organized differently? What would have been the correct strategy in the post-war period? These are questions of history and I don’t intend to pursue them here. I also don’t want to pretend there are any easy answers. But the question we must ask ourselves is not for 1945 but for 2016.

If the policy of building a small cadre “Bolshevik” organization from three members up has consistently failed, why continue it? Why spend all your energy on maintaining for your group a political identity that has never been successful and that belonged to a specific period? Why maintaining a Bolshevik reenactment group instead of an organization that seeks to unite the highest number of people in fight for a socialist world?

3) McDonald Internationalism

A corollary of the belief that only your organization has the “correct ideas” is the belief that if you are not present in a country, the correct way to advance there is to build a new group. Instead of taking into account the traditions of leftist organizing in other countries and attempting to learn from it, you’ll operate around what I’ve termed the McDonald Internationalism. This isn’t a perspective of internationalist proletarian solidarity but a mentality of a franchise restaurant, like the McDs, which is trying to raid other markets and open up shop in new places.

In the case of Iran, I have seen the tragic results of such ‘internationalism’. Along with a couple of other Iranian comrades, I was tasked with building an Iranian group for the IMT. One of these comrades was a full-time worker for the IMT with no political past in Iran since he had lived abroad almost his entire life. Any attempt to build a group that was independent, able to stand on its own feet, develop its own thought and strategies and be steeped in the political traditions of the Iranian left was stymied. “There are no Marxists in Iran other than us,” he’d often say. The Iranian communist movement goes back to 1920 and it has had all sorts of experiences, including that of state power in short periods. According to the IMT, this rich tradition offered nothing and all we had to do was translating the articles of the international to Persian.

This sort of McDonald internationalism, when coupled with the IMT’s sectarianism, makes a mockery out of the real process of international relations between socialist organizations in different countries.

4) Basic questions of strategy

But what of the central question of the strategy? What is the basic IMT strategy and what do I see wrong with it?

The founding document of the Trotskyist movement, the Transitional Program (1938), is known for a bold claim: “The historical crisis of mankind is reduced to the crisis of the revolutionary leadership.”

As it happens, I still agree with this basic sentence. As much as Anarchists or other lovers of “from below” processes might not want to believe, the role of political leadership (which I see as a political party or, to use Marta Harneceker’s term, a political instrument) is indispensable to historical change. In Trotsky’s lasting image, the political party is like a piston box that guides the steam-like energy of the masses.

But if we are to go beyond this level of abstraction and this ‘basic truth’, what are the specific strategies that are needed today in fighting for improvement in the lives of the working people and for the ultimate overthrowing of capitalism and building of socialism? Linked with this question is our conception of socialism. How is it going to look like? And how do we move from A (today’s world) to B (the post-capitalist, socialist world)?

Since a healthy democratic socialist society that could last more than a short period has never been built in human history, much of this remains ground for fresh thinking and contribution. IMT’s answers, however, are rather simple. The model of successful organization and strategy is that of the Russian Bolshevik Party and conception of socialism that of the early Soviet regime.

Before even attempting to criticize such notions, I’d ask you to think of this: Isn’t it shocking that in 2016, our conception of a political instrument should be based on a political party that had to operate in a vastly different environment? And based on a regime that, ultimately, led to the nightmare of Stalinism? (To say that the Bolshevik regime ‘led’ to the Stalinist nightmare is not to repeat the bourgeois assertion that Leninism would have inevitably led to Stalinism. But it is to acknowledge that there were probably some flaws in the system that made the victory of Stalinism possible and for the ‘river of blood’ to flow and separate the early genuine revolutionary state from Stalinism).

But such questions are not even asked in most Trotskyist organizations. Elections are dismissed as ‘bourgeois democracy’ and civil and political rights decried as ‘bourgeois formality’. All experiences of 20th century socialism, from China and Tanzania to Italy and Japan, are decried as “Stalinism”. And there is a pretense that there are easy answers to questions of building a successful socialist economy, polity and judicial system. If only the men with “correct ideas” were at the helm!

The last thing the revolutionary left of the 21st century needs is such stymied thinking that bases itself only on the writing of a few men. We need to instead face reality and offer strategies, different ones in different countries, that are meant for 2016 not nostalgias of the past. This would also be in true spirit of the great giants of the past like Marx, Lenin and Trotsky, not upholding of everything they’ve ever said as unchangeable dogma.

What is to be done?

The above doesn’t amount to anything like a coherent criticism of the IMT and its Trotskyist model and it didn’t intend to. As I said at the outset, these are merely some humble personal thoughts.

And what of the way forward?

Without pretending to have easy, thorough answers, these are, again, some personal thoughts:

Marxists and those (like myself) who have an affinity for the 1917 tradition need to unite with others around the political and practical double goals of A, improving the lives of the working people and the oppressed here and now, B, striving at a radical transformation of society and building of a socialist alternative to capitalism.

The strategies toward these goals will differ in different countries, based on their political conditions, the balance of classes and the existing organizations and traditions. In general, however, there is a basic fact that the revolutionary left needs to come to peace with: It needs to win power by convincing a majority of a population to support its vision. This doesn’t necessarily have to mean basically turning into an electoral machine. To slightly paraphrase Eugene Debs, elections are to socialism what menu is to a meal. It is a fact, however, that the liberal democratic order, a system in which the government of the day is elected on the basis of universal suffrage, is now dominant across much of the globe (it is worth remembering that in Lenin’s time, it was almost entirely non-existent, hence a long Marxist struggle for universal suffrage) and wherever it isn’t, it is probably an imperative for us to unite with liberals for democratic goals. Democratic conditions can actually offer an excellent opportunity for socialists: Build support for our vision; convince a majority that we can offer a workable, real socialist alternative; and come to power and start implementing it! Of course, there would be resistant from the capitalist class and, of course, our strategy needs to take that into account too. But to move against a democratically elected government is not an easy task, especially if it is based on an active support of millions of workers.

This might seem very mundane at the first glance but, ask yourself, how many socialists and revolutionaries are asking themselves: How can we build an organization that is ready to win support of the majority and form a government? How many are telling themselves: “The test of socialist politics is how I can win over large numbers of people, which is possible by meeting them where they are at, not by trying to be the most left-wing guy in the room”?

In asking such questions, we’d need to be forward-looking and accept that not all differences need to be solved for leftist to unite in an organization. It is silly for socialists not to be organizationally united in pursuit of goals today because they disagree over the class nature of the Soviet Union or because they have a slightly different take on the Palestinian struggle.

Building of leftist institutions that are something beyond their name, real organizations that can represent a significant portion of a country’s politics, is a very difficult task but it is rewarding at the end. It will influence the lives of the working people here and now, it will consolidate our power and it will offer a clear route to power. It will also create a space that could help blossom the kind of thinking that is needed to address the massive questions that we will face if we are to actually conduct the mammoth task of transition to socialism.

Needless to say, in building such vehicles we should never abandon the organizations that the working class has already built which, almost all over the world, means the parties that historically belong to the second or third internationals. One of the mistakes of the left has been prematurely abandoning these organizations whereas the recent victory of Corbyn in the UK shows that even if your organization is led by the likes of Tony Blair, there is a chance that the left could come to power in them and start their transformation.

What we need more than ever is an end to the mentality of small circles and an audacity to prepare for real socialist change in our own lifetimes. It is time to offer the working people, our people, the political instrument that it deserves.

November 8, 2016


  1. I am in broad agreement with the ideas expressed in thi post. I think though that the paragraph before last is not clear at all in terms of political meaning, and this is a big problem because it concerns one of the main programmatic problems for socialist policy.

    That there should be striving for a broad unity of persons and of political organizations on just the basis of the goal of socialism as a different mode of production from the capitalist mode of production is something I agree with. But then comes the question of the existing parties which the working class of advanced capitalist countries chooses to vote for. So, take the Labour party and Corbyn for instance.

    Should Marxists advocate for entryism into the Labour party under Corbyn? But, under the principle of support for socialism, Corbyn would not pass muster since he supports the notion that capitalism can be regulated in a way that its fruits can be distributed more or less equitably while its disasters can be mitigated to be just tolerable distractions. But perhaps, Marxists could believe that capitalism will take a course during the 21st century that it would force political leaders of the Corbyn-type to start thinking seriously about an alternative (socialist) mode of production. If so, these Marxists should state clearly and preferably in Marxist political-economy terms: (a) why is capitalism bound to take such a course (why for example a boom of the post-WWII type is not on the cards anymore), (b) why, if this turns to be the case, would Corbyn-like leaders be turned ideologically towards socialism and furthermore how could it be that, even if they turn towards socialism, their party structures (trade unions etc in the case of the Labour party) would be “convinced”, so to say, of the need for a socialist orientation. We should bear in mind, that even the mild Keynesianism espoused by Corbyn and Sanders is demonized not only by the mainstream media but even by a very significant part of their own party structures. Imagine what would happen if they inscribed the word “socialism” on their banners.

    On the other hand, should Marxists advocate the creation of a new party oriented towards socialism? But then there would be a conflict between the principle of winning over the majority which Azizi correctly emphasizes and the principle of “not abandoning the parties that historically belong to the second or third internationals.” Because either you build a new party on non-sectarian principles and try to win over the majority or you espouse Corby-type leaders, perhaps on the aforementioned belief/hope that they will be won over to socialism along the way as the 21st century progresses. In the first case you try to win over the majority for the new party you have created. In the second case, there can be no case of winning over a majority because, come election time, even those sympathetic to your socialist goals would vote for Corbyn, since Corbyn (or Sanders) would represent ‘progress’ on the path towards socialism. Thus, a “new party striving to win over a majority” and support for Corbyn are incompatible goals. Either you go for the one or for the other, there can be no mingling of the two.

    I do not claim to have any definite answers on the above issues. What I would like to point out though is something that was of extreme importance in Marx’s political economy, but unfortunataly has been historically of very little importance in the analyses of Marxists. I am talking about “the morst important law of political economy”, the ultimate barrier to capitalist production: the tendency of the rate of profit to fall. Work by the renowned Marxist economist Anwar Shaikh, over the past 30 years or so, has proved both the logical validity of the law and its empirical force after WWII. Recently, similar work undertaken by the Argentinian Marxist economist Esteban Maito has shown that the rate of profit in the major capitalist countries has had a downward trend not only since WWII but even much earlier, since the beginning of modern capitalism in mid-19th century (Michael Roberts has also done very useful work on the subject of the falling rate of profit). To focus on the post-1945 period, the value composition of capital (and the capital/output ratio) has been increasing more rapidly than the rate of surplus value and, as a result, the rate of profit, in the US and elsewhere, has had a clear downward trend. Presently it stands at very low levels. Herein lies the secret of the ongoing capitalist crisis. It is not as if a strong working-class movement could deduct a significant part of value added, through its organization and fight, that would otherwise go to the capitalist class. This was the situation after 1945 and it is possible only when profitability is sufficiently high. Nowadays, even if a strong working class movement existed it would be able to get very little (compared with the postwar working class) from the capitalist class because the level of profitability, in terms of the rate of profit, is so low already that there is very little to allow to be given anyhow WITHOUT SERIOUSLY DISTURBING THE VERY LOGIC OF CAPITALISM, which is accumulation for private profit appropriation.

    So, Marxian political economy and especially what Marx called “the most important law of political economy” should begin AT LAST to play, I think, a significant part in any discussion about a future political orientation towards socialism. There is indeed a material barrier in the capitalist mode of production, as Henryk Grossman long ago pointed out trying (mostly in vain as it turned out) to revive Marx’s law.

    Comment by Stavrogin — December 22, 2016 @ 12:40 pm

  2. Arash, thank you for this account of your experiences. We do need a new way of organizing; the One True Way theory hasn’t worked, though the revolutionary analysis of capitalism has turned out to hold. One idea is a return to the more inclusive models of the Lenin party in Russia, the Debs party in the more open situation in the U.S. — David Keil, dmkeil@gmail.com

    Comment by David Keil — December 22, 2016 @ 1:46 pm

  3. Though vampire thirst may have led me to join IMT, a concern over Syria and Harper kept me stubborn. As the possible candidacy of Sid Ryan for the leadership of the NDP shows democracy, contra sectarianism, conditions openness.Maybe our Canuck paths could cross again? lawrencepd2002@yahoo.ca Thank you for your insight.

    Comment by lawrencepd — December 22, 2016 @ 8:01 pm

  4. So, do you agree with his assessment that we need to bring “an end to the mentality of small circles” and embrace transforming already existing parties? You have been very clear in your lack of support for Sanders, but do you support Corbyn in attempting to transform the Labor Party?

    Comment by haldraper17 — December 22, 2016 @ 10:36 pm

  5. I honestly haven’t devoted enough time to considering Corbyn. I don’t like to go off half-cocked.

    Comment by louisproyect — December 22, 2016 @ 11:08 pm

  6. So your analysis of transforming the Labor Party is different than your analysis of transforming the Democratic Party? In other words, you are not categorically opposed to transforming the Labor Party?–i.e. you are open to considering it

    Comment by haldraper17 — December 23, 2016 @ 12:38 am

  7. I consider the Labour Party to be a social democratic party rather than a capitalist party but won’t go much further than that.

    Comment by louisproyect — December 23, 2016 @ 12:40 am

  8. And that’s the thing that appeals to me–imagine what the possibilities for radical organizing would be in the UK if Corbyn consolidated power and a centre-left party was in charge… Despite all Corbyn’s faults on Syria, Iran, etc, his domestic policies are all laudable.

    Here’s David Graeber explaining why an anarchist like himself supports Corbyn, https://roarmag.org/magazine/david-graeber-interview-debt-occupy/
    “We have to figure out a way for those who want to preserve a prefigurative space where they can experiment with what a free society might actually be like — which necessarily means not having any systematic relation with political parties, funding bodies, anything like that — to actually work with those who are trying to create more modest and immediate changes within the system, which is beneficial to both of them. “

    Comment by haldraper17 — December 23, 2016 @ 12:52 am

  9. Corbyn and his supporters are challenging the neoliberal banishment of much of the populace from the political process by seeking to transform the Labour Party into a mass party again. For this reason, I support him and consider the success of such an effort essential for the reinvigoration of the electoral process as a means of bringing about radical social change. I’d be ecstatic if he could prove me wrong in regard to my cynicism about the feasibility of achieving left goals through the electoral process. His opponents, especially Blairites, understand his objective and hate him for it. If Sanders was attempting to do the same thing, I’d support him, too, but I’ve never believed that he is willing to make the sacrifices and fight the battles necessary to try to achieve it like Corbyn. I agree with Graeber that Corbyn is trying to bring about a synergy between people on the outside (the street) and people on the inside (the party).

    Comment by Richard Estes — December 23, 2016 @ 7:14 pm

  10. Richard Estes: do you think Sanders should’ve run as an independent after he loss the primary? Or do you think he should not have bothered navigating the restraints of our two-party system?

    Comment by haldraper17 — December 23, 2016 @ 8:25 pm

  11. While it is difficult to run outside the two-party system, I think that it would have been best for Sanders to do so. Upon entering into the race for the Democratic nomination, Sanders implicitly accepted that he would accept the result, and any subsequent effort to run as an independent would have been dogged by claims that he was a sore loser. He would have had difficulty overcoming them. I understand the dilemma here, the liberal delusion that the Democratic Party can be transformed into a party for social democracy, but I still think that it would have been better for Sanders to run as an independent.

    As people became more and more disillusioned during the primary campaigns, Sanders could have been well positioned as an alternative. He would have also been free to speak more candidly. For example, he couldn’t really say that a lot of people were suffering because of Obama policies and advocate alternatives, because Obama is adored by the Democratic Party primary electorate. But, as an independent, he could have done it, and put together a different coalition.

    Of course, the problem here is Sanders himself. Sanders is the primary exponent of the liberal delusion, it was the guiding principle of his campaign. It ended up being a cynical enterprise for the purpose of delivering alienated parts of the party base to Clinton, even if it didn’t fully succeed. Jeffrey St. Clair said it best: “Sanders was punching a collective ticket back to a past that never existed.”

    Comment by Richard Estes — December 23, 2016 @ 9:33 pm

  12. Rafiq Arash, Dorood bar shomaa!

    Thank you comrade Azizi for your contribution. I think I am a little older than you, and I got out of Iran a long time ago, with the first wave of socialist activists escaping persecution. So, I have been dealing with the type of dilemmas you recount here for a long time now in the belly of the beast. I hope you have a strong constitution, a few thousand tons worth of patience and a good sense of humor. All three will help you stay the course for the long haul here in the west.

    Best wishes to you rafiq Arash jaan, and thank you again for the contribution to the debate regarding organizational necessities of our age.

    Comment by Reza — December 24, 2016 @ 1:58 am

  13. “According to the IMT, this rich tradition offered nothing and all we had to do was translating the articles of the international to Persian.”
    This is not very concrete. Was there anything more for a trotskyist perspective in Iran? What and who?

    “It is silly for socialists not to be organizationally united in pursuit of goals today because they disagree over the class nature of the Soviet Union or because they have a slightly different take on the Palestinian struggle.”

    Being indifferent on the class nature of the SU meant: sending brigades to fight against the CIA-backed mujahedin in Afghanistan while the people you seek unity with, support the mujahedin’s war against the SU.
    You might imagine this for any kind of military and economic conflict between the imperialists and a transitional society.
    You will have to concede that somewhere there is a bloodline. And you argue to ignore this.

    Corbyn/Sanders: Sanders didn’t do anything else than funneling leftist support into the democratic party. He was not even very left sounding. We have seen that gameplay over and over again.
    Corbyn’s labour party is something entirely different. This party has organic roots in the organized working class. The democratic party only has roots in the capitalist class. To argue, the Sanders campaign had any perspective of a ‘leftist’ ‘transformation’ of who-knows-what-kind, means capitulating to the interest of the clintonite imperialist propaganda and war machine.
    Rather than giving an alternative to the rightish excesses (IMO) of the IMT on both questions you engage in ‘unity’ chants and (basically) apologies of the failures of the second international. You are not gaining any ground here.

    Please give us some fodder and elaborate more closely what the IMT did regarding the Corbyn leadership campaign and Momentum, etc.

    Greets calliou

    Comment by calliou — December 28, 2016 @ 11:54 am

  14. “All experiences of 20th century socialism, from China and Tanzania to Italy and Japan, are decried as “Stalinism”.”

    Curious about non-Stalinist 20th-century socialism in Italy and Japan. Is this a reference to the subjective contribution of the parties, which brought us the brilliance of the Historic Compromise? Or the objective actually-existing-socialism of the zaibatsu? I personally thought China was pretty Stalinist, but maybe I was misled by Mao’s description of Stalin as “the great leader of the dictatorship of the proletariat and the international communist movement over a whole historical era”. I don’t think it’s just the IMT who are blind to the immortal achievements of socialist Tanzania…

    “What we need more than ever is an end to the mentality of small circles and an audacity to prepare for real socialist change in our own lifetimes.”

    “Once upon a time a valiant fellow had the idea that men were drowned in water only because they were possessed with the idea of gravity. If they were to knock this notion out of their heads, say by stating it to be a superstition, a religious concept, they would be sublimely proof against any danger from water. His whole life long he fought against the illusion of gravity, of whose harmful results all statistics brought him new and manifold evidence. This valiant fellow was the type of the new revolutionary philosophers in Germany…”

    Comment by Denis — December 29, 2016 @ 3:16 am

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